Cas NO.: 67-64-1
Uses of Acetone
Acetone is a colorless, transparent liquid with a special spicy odor. It is soluble in water and methanol, ethanol, ether, chloroform, pyridine and other organic solvents. It is flammable and volatile and has relatively active chemical properties. At present, the industrial production of acetone in the world is based on the cumene process. Acetone is mainly used as a solvent in the industry, used in explosives, plastics, rubber, fiber, leather, grease, paint and other industries, and as an important raw material for synthetic ketene, acetic anhydride, iodoform, polyisoprene rubber, methyl acrylate, chloroform, and epoxy resin.
Acetone is an important raw material for organic synthesis and is used in the production of epoxy resins, polycarbonates, plexiglass, pharmaceuticals, and pesticides. It is also a good solvent for coatings, adhesives, cylinders, acetylene, etc. It is also used as a diluent, cleaning agent, and extractant. It is also an important raw material for producing acetic anhydride, diacetone alcohol, chloroform, iodoform, epoxy resin, polyisoprene rubber, methyl methacrylate, and the like. It is used as a solvent in industries such as smokeless powder, celluloid, cellulose acetate, and spray paint. It is used as an extractant in industries such as oils and fats.
It is used for preparing important organic glass monomers, bisphenol A, diacetone alcohol, hexylene glycol, methyl isobutyl ketone, methyl isobutyl carbinol, phorone, isophorone, chloroform, iodoform, etc. It serves as an organic chemical raw material and is used as an excellent solvent in the coating, spinning of cellulose acetate, acetylene storage in cylinders, and dewaxing in the refining industry.
Health hazards: Acute poisoning symptoms are mainly manifested as an anesthetic effect on the central nervous system, fatigue, nausea, headache, dizziness, and irritability. There are severe cases where vomiting, shortness of breath, paralysis, and even coma are likely. It is irritating to the eyes, nose, and throat. In case of oral administration, there is a burning sensation in the lips and throat, followed by dry mouth, vomiting, coma, acidosis, and ketosis.
Chronic effects: Long-term exposure to the product brings dizziness, burning sensation, pharyngitis, bronchitis, fatigue, irritability and so on. Repeated exposure to the skin can cause dermatitis.
Explosion hazard: This product is extremely flammable and irritating.
Hazardous characteristics: Its vapor with air can form an explosive mixture, and it can easily burn and explode in the event of the fire or high heat. It can react with oxidants. The vapor of acetone is heavier than that of air and can spread far at a relatively low level. When it encounters a fire, it will ignite. In case of high heat, the internal pressure of the container increases, causing cracking and explosion.
Hazardous combustion products: carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.
Extinguishing methods: Move the container from the fire as far as possible to the open space. Use water spray to keep the container cool until the fire is over. If containers in the fire are discolored or sound is produced from the safety pressure relief device, all personnel must evacuate immediately.
Fire extinguishing agents: alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide, dry powder, and sand. Extinguishing fire with water is not effective.